Today I ran into a trap while maintaining an old PHP Codeigniter project on an ubuntu server, the error message says:

Severity: error --> Exception: Call to undefined function curl_init()

Turns out this is very easy to fix, we just need to install the missing CURL extension for PHP.

Solution

(Optional) Check the running PHP version for Apache

To locate where the Apache’s ROOT configuration directory

apache2ctl -V | grep HTTPD_ROOT

The result in my case is

-D HTTPD_ROOT="/etc/apache2"

Just so we know the ROOT directory is /etc/apache2, and let’s check the mods-enabled directory in it:

ls /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/ | grep php

The result in my case is

php7.4.conf
php7.4.load

Now we confirm that we’re running php7.4 here.

Install the CURL extension

sudo apt install php7.4-curl

To check the installation by running the command:

php7.4 -r "curl_init();"

It returns nothing if we’re all good, otherwise, an error message will be shown like below:

PHP Fatal error:  Uncaught Error: Call to undefined function curl_init() in Command line code:1

Lastly, don’t forget to restart apache2 service:

sudo service apache2 restart
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